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Community benefits from offshore renewables: The relationship between different understandings of impact, community and benefit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-117
JournalEnvironment and Planning C: Politics and Space
Issue number1
Early online date22 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018


This paper presents the findings of a research project evaluating community benefit models for offshore renewables. We identify and analyse UK and international case studies of different forms of community benefit, and provide evidence of how such benefits are delivered. In particular we consider the key relationship between the identification of communities, perception of impact, and the apportionment of benefits. In doing so, we develop a range of different definitions of ‘community’, ‘benefit’, and ‘impact’ when considering community benefits. We propose that the way in which community, benefit, and impact are understood is crucial in determining whether or how benefits should be apportioned and delivered; and that these definitions are closely connected to each other. We develop a new series of typologies as a way to understand this. Finally, we assess different mechanisms and schemes of community benefits to identify good practice and key points of learning for policy and planning.

    Research areas

  • offshore, renewables, community benefits, social acceptance, wind energy, energy justice

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