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Cosmological constraints from the clustering of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR7 luminous red galaxies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Beth A. Reid
  • Will J. Percival
  • Daniel J. Eisenstein
  • Licia Verde
  • David N. Spergel
  • Ramin A. Skibba
  • Neta A. Bahcall
  • Tamas Budavari
  • Joshua A. Frieman
  • Masataka Fukugita
  • J. Richard Gott
  • James E. Gunn
  • Zeljko Ivezic
  • Gillian R. Knapp
  • Richard G. Kron
  • Robert H. Lupton
  • Timothy A. McKay
  • Robert C. Nichol
  • Adrian C. Pope
  • David J. Schlegel
  • Donald P. Schneider
  • Chris Stoughton
  • Michael A. Strauss
  • Alexander S. Szalay
  • Max Tegmark
  • Michael S. Vogeley
  • David H. Weinberg
  • Donald G. York
  • Idit Zehavi

Related Edinburgh Organisations

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-85
Number of pages26
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2010


We present the power spectrum of the reconstructed halo density field derived from a sample of luminous red galaxies (LRGs) from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Seventh Data Release (DR7). The halo power spectrum has a direct connection to the underlying dark matter power for k <= 0.2 h Mpc(-1), well into the quasi-linear regime. This enables us to use a factor of similar to 8 more modes in the cosmological analysis than an analysis with k(max) = 0.1 h Mpc(-1), as was adopted in the SDSS team analysis of the DR4 LRG sample. The observed halo power spectrum for 0.02< k < 0.2 h Mpc(-1) is well fitted by our model: chi(2) = 39.6 for 40 degrees of freedom for the best-fitting Lambda cold dark matter (Lambda CDM) model. We find Omega(m)h(2)(n(s)/0.96)(1.2) = 0.141(-0.012+)(0.010) for a power-law primordial power spectrum with spectral index ns and Omega(b)h(2) = 0.022 65 fixed, consistent with cosmic microwave background measurements. The halo power spectrum also constrains the ratio of the comoving sound horizon at the baryon-drag epoch to an effective distance to z = 0.35: r(s)/DV(0.35) = 0.1097(-0.0042)(+0.0039). Combining the halo power spectrum measurement with the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) 5 year results, for the flat Lambda CDM model we find Omega(m) = 0.289 +/- 0.019 and H-0 = 69.4 +/- 1.6 kms(-1) Mpc(-1). Allowing for massive neutrinos in Lambda CDM, we find Sigma m(nu) < 0.62 eV at the 95 per cent confidence level. If we instead consider the effective number of relativistic species N-eff as a free parameter, we find N-eff = 4.8(-1.7)(+1.8). Combining also with the Kowalski et al. supernova sample, we find Omega(tot) = 1.011 +/- 0.009 and w = -0.99 +/- 0.11 for an open cosmology with constant dark energy equation of state w. The power spectrum and a module to calculate the likelihoods are publicly available at http://lambda.gsfc.nasa.gov/toolbox/lrgdr/.

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