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Creep and flow of glasses: strain response linked to the spatial distribution of dynamical heterogeneities

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Original languageEnglish
Article number11884
Number of pages11
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Jul 2015

Abstract

Mechanical properties are of central importance to materials sciences, in particular if they depend on external stimuli. Here we investigate the rheological response of amorphous solids, namely colloidal glasses, to external forces. Using confocal microscopy and computer simulations, we establish a quantitative link between the macroscopic creep response and the microscopic single-particle dynamics. We observe dynamical heterogeneities, namely regions of enhanced mobility, which remain localized in the creep regime, but grow for applied stresses leading to steady flow. These different behaviors are also reflected in the average particle dynamics, quantified by the mean squared displacement of the individual particles, and the fraction of active regions. Both microscopic quantities are found to be proportional to the macroscopic strain, despite the non-equilibrium and non-linear conditions during creep and the transient regime prior to steady flow.

    Research areas

  • COLLOIDAL GLASSES, NONLINEAR RHEOLOGY, METALLIC GLASSES, SOFT, SHEAR, DEFORMATION, BEHAVIOR, SPHERE

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