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Cross-section measurements of the Higgs boson decaying into a pair of $\tau$-leptons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

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Original languageEnglish
Article numberAaboud:2018pen
Pages (from-to)072001
JournalPhysical Review D
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2019


A measurement of production cross sections of the Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions is presented in the $H\rightarrow\tau\tau$ decay channel. The analysis is performed using $36.1\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ of data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV. All combinations of leptonic ($\tau \rightarrow l \nu \bar{\nu}$ with $l = e$, $\mu$) and hadronic ($\tau \to$ hadrons $\nu$) $\tau$ decays are considered. The $H\rightarrow\tau\tau$ signal over the expected background from other Standard Model processes is established with an observed (expected) significance of 4.4 (4.1) standard deviations. Combined with results obtained using data taken at 7 and 8 TeV center-of-mass energies, the observed (expected) significance amounts to 6.4 (5.4) standard deviations and constitutes an observation of $H\rightarrow\tau\tau$ decays. Using the data taken at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV, the total cross section in the $H\rightarrow\tau\tau$ decay channel is measured to be $3.77^{+0.60}_{-0.59}\mathrm{(stat.)}^{+0.87}_{-0.74}\mathrm{(syst.)}\mathrm{pb}$, for a Higgs boson of mass 125 GeV assuming the relative contributions of its production modes as predicted by the Standard Model. Total cross sections in the $H\rightarrow\tau\tau$ decay channel are determined separately for vector-boson-fusion production and gluon-gluon-fusion production to be $\sigma ^{\mathrm{VBF}}_{H \to \tau \tau} = 0.28 \pm 0.09\mathrm{(stat.)}^{+0.11}_{-0.09}\mathrm{(syst.)}\mathrm{pb}$ and $\sigma ^{gg \mathrm{F}}_{H \to \tau \tau} = 3.1 \pm 1.0\mathrm{(stat.)}^{+1.6}_{-1.3}\mathrm{(syst.)}\mathrm{pb}$, respectively. Similarly, results of a fit are reported in the framework of simplified template cross sections. All measurements are in agreement with Standard Model expectations.

ID: 90518405