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Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: The relationship between mass and light around cosmic voids

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3573-3587
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Early online date7 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


What are the mass and galaxy profiles of cosmic voids? In this paper we use two methods to extract voids in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 redMaGiC galaxy sample to address this question. We use either 2D slices in projection, or the 3D distribution of galaxies based on photometric redshifts to identify voids. The tangential shear profiles of background galaxies are related to their excess surface mass density. The signal-to-noise ratio for our lensing measurement ranges between 10.7 and 14.0 for the two void samples. We infer their 3D density profiles and find good agreement with N-body simulations for void radii in the range 15-85 Mpc. Comparison with their galaxy profiles then allows us to test the relation between mass and light. We find very similar shapes for the two profiles, consistent with a linear relationship between mass and light. We validate our analysis with the help of simulated mock catalogues and estimate the impact of photometric redshift uncertainties on the measurement. Our methodology can be used for cosmological applications, including tests of gravity with voids.

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  • astro-ph.CO

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