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Demonstration of strain-specific CD8 T cell responses to Theileria annulata

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-393
JournalParasite Immunology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2008


The present study set out to examine the nature and specificity of the bovine CD8 T cell response at the clonal level in a group of eight animals immunized with a cloned population of Theileria annulata. The results demonstrated that immunized animals generated parasite-specific CD8 T cells that produced IFNγ in response to parasite stimulation but had highly variable levels of cytotoxicity for parasitized cells. The study also demonstrated that these parasite-specific CD8 T cells could be propagated and cloned in vitro from the memory T cell pool of cattle immunized with live T. annulata parasites. Within the small group of animals studied, there was evidence that responses were preferentially directed to antigens presented by an A10+ class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) haplotype, suggesting that responses restricted by products of this haplotype may be dominant. The A10-restricted responses showed differential recognition of different parasite isolates and clones. By using a cloned population of parasites both for immunization of the animals and for in vitro analyses of the responses, we obtained unambiguous evidence that at least a proportion of CD8 T cells restricted by one MHC haplotype were parasite strain restricted.

    Research areas

  • bovine CD8, cytotoxic T cell, strain specificity

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