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Development and validation of two short forms of the managing the emotions of others (MEOS) scale

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Issue numberJUN
Early online date14 Jun 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Jun 2018


The 58-item MEOS assesses managing the emotions of others, a component of trait emotional intelligence (EI). Managing another person's emotions can be used with the intention of helping the target but also in a strategically manipulative manner; the subscales of the MEOS cover both these aspects of emotion management. In order to allow researchers to access shorter versions of the MEOS for use in studies where administering the full-length scale is not feasible, two short forms of the MEOS with six (MEOS-SF) and four (MEOS-VSF) items per sub-scale were developed and validated. Study 1 used factor analysis of pre-existing MEOS item data to select items for the short forms and also compared the bivariate correlations of the MEOS, MEOS-SF and MEOS-VSF with personality and global trait EI. Study 2 examined the MEOS-SF and MEOS-VSF in two new samples (N = 394/226). The results from both studies showed that the short forms had good psychometric properties and associations similar to those of the full-length MEOS with personality, global trait EI, and other measures. The MEOS-SF and MEOS-VSF are hence suitable for use in contexts where a brief assessment of the full range of the domain of managing the emotions of others is required. The availability of short subscales assessing the manipulative facets of the MEOS is especially relevant to the emerging area of "dark side" trait EI research. © 2018 Austin, Saklofske and Smith.

    Research areas

  • "dark side" of EI, emotional intelligence, interpersonal emotional management, MEOS scale, short form

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