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Development of a Rigorous Modeling Framework for Solvent-Based CO2 Capture. Part 2: Steady-State Validation and Uncertainty Quantification with Pilot Plant Data

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10464–10481
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume57
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2018

Abstract

The US DOE’s Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative (CCSI) has a strong focus on the development of state of the art process models for accelerating the development and commercialization of post-combustion carbon capture system technologies. One of CCSI’s goals is the development of a process model that will serve not only as a definitive reference for benchmarking of the performance of solvent-based CO2 capture systems, but also as a framework for the development of highly predictive models of advanced solvent systems. In Part 1 of this paper and previous work, submodels for the system were developed, including those for physical properties, kinetics, mass transfer, and column hydraulics, by calibrating model parameters to fit relevant experimental data. For individual submodels, a Bayesian inference methodology was used to refine the estimates of the parameter values and to quantify the parametric uncertainty of the models. This work is focused on incorporating these submodels into a complete process model and validating this model with large scale pilot plant data from the Pilot Solvent Test Unit (PSTU) at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC). The model has been validated with data representing a wide range of operating conditions for absorber and stripper columns, including variable packing height and presence of intercooling in the absorber. The uncertainty in the solvent composition is measured by comparing the process measurements at NCCC to standard laboratory techniques of a known uncertainty. Through a sensitivity study, this measurement uncertainty is used to provide insight into some discrepancy between model and data. Parametric uncertainty for various submodel parameters has been propagated through the process model to assess the resulting uncertainty in the key model outputs. Finally, a variance-based sensitivity analysis is used to provide insight into the relative contributions of parameters from various submodels to the overall uncertainty of the process outputs in various operating regimes.

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