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Digital engagement methods for earthquake and fire preparedness: a review

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

  • Enrica Verrucci
  • Gabriela Perez-Fuentes
  • Tiziana Rossetto
  • Luke Bisby
  • Muki Haklay
  • David Rush
  • Patrick Rickles
  • Gretchen Fagg
  • Helene Joffe

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1583-1604
Number of pages22
JournalNatural Hazards Review
Volume83
Issue number3
Early online date1 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

Abstract

Natural or human-made hazards may occur at any time. Although one might assume that individuals plan in advance for such potentially damaging events, the existing literature indicates that most communities remain inadequately prepared. In the past, research in this area has focused on identifying the most effective ways to communicate risk and elicit preparedness by means of public hazard education campaigns and risk communication programmes. Today, web- and mobile-based technologies are offering new and far-reaching means to inform communities on how to prepare for or cope with extreme events, thus significantly contributing to community preparedness. Nonetheless, their practical efficacy in encouraging proactive hazard preparedness behaviours is not yet proven. Building on behaviour change interventions in the health field and looking in particular at earthquakes and fire hazards, the challenging RISK team has reviewed the currently active websites, Web, and mobile applications that provide information about earthquake and home fire preparedness. The review investigates the type of information provided, the modality of delivery, and the presence of behaviour change techniques in their design. The study proves that most of the digital resources focus on a single hazard and fail to provide context-sensitive information that targets specific groups of users. Furthermore, behaviour change techniques are rarely implemented in the design of these applications and their efficacy is rarely systematically evaluated. Recommendations for improving the design of Web- and mobile-based technologies are made so as to increase their effectiveness and uptake for a multi-hazard approach to earthquake and home fire preparedness.

    Research areas

  • Earthquake preparedness, Home fire preparedness, Digital behaviour change, Preparedness mobile apps, NEGATIVE THREAT APPEALS, HAZARD MITIGATION, BEHAVIOR-CHANGE, ADJUSTMENT, PEOPLE, PARTICIPATION, INTERVENTION, INFORMATION, PERCEPTIONS, TECHNOLOGY

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