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Distinct Prosodic Correlates for Nine Dimensions of Mental Health Symptoms

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences ICPhS 2019
Subtitle of host publication5-9 August 2019, Melbourne, Australia
EditorsSasha Calhoun, Paola Escudero, Marija Tabain, Paul Warren
Place of PublicationCanberra, Australia: Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc.
PublisherAustralian Speech Science & Technology Association Inc
Pages3001-3005
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)978-0-646-800069-1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2019
Event19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 5 Aug 20199 Aug 2019
https://www.icphs2019.org/

Conference

Conference19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
Abbreviated titleICPhS 2019
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period5/08/199/08/19
Internet address

Abstract

People’s lived experience of mental illness often includes symptoms associated with several different conditions. The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) is a well validated tool for collecting symptom self-reports that covers nine dimensions: depression, anxiety, phobia, paranoia, psychosis, OCD, hostility, somatisation, and interpersonal. In this paper, we investigate to what extent these dimensions are reflected in prosody. Prosody was characterised using five core principal components (PC) derived from GeMAPS analysis of a data set from 8 studies (14907 sound files, 990 participants). We used the data from a subset of 317
participants (5967 sound files, 4 studies) who had completed the BSI. Each BSI dimension shows a distinct pattern of correlations between the number of symptoms reported and our five PCs, but these patterns differ
when comparing undergraduates (more Caucasians, more females) and a patient sample (more African-Americans, more males). We conclude that speech corpora for mental health studies need better demographic balance.

Event

19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences

5/08/199/08/19

Melbourne, Australia

Event: Conference

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