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Effect of micropillar spacing and temperature of substrate on contact angle dynamics

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Original languageEnglish
JournalHeat Transfer Engineering
Early online date20 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Abstract

Contact angle dynamics of droplets deposited on a structured surface were studied in this work and the effects of substrate microstructure and temperature were investigated. Microstructures consisting of uniformly-sized, cubic micropillars with varying pillar spacings were constructed by microfabrication. Droplets (of the order of tens of microlitres in volume) were deposited on these surfaces and dynamic contact angles were observed using various techniques. Advancing and receding contact angles were measured using tilting of the surfaces or by injection and aspiration of fluid from a horizontal droplet by syringe. Droplets on these surfaces appeared to be mainly in the Wenzel state. Contact angle hysteresis was obtained as a function of pillar spacing or, equivalently, surface roughness. Depinning force was deduced and a linear dependence on maximal three phase contact line was found. The techniques of tilting the surface on which the droplet was deposited and uniformly increasing and reducing the volume of the droplet via the syringe both gave the same contact angle hysteresis for a given micropillar spacing. The effect of temperature was then assessed using a heated tilting plate. Contact angle hysteresis was found to increase with temperature. Further work to elucidate mechanisms governing this dependence will be undertaken.

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