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Effects of shear induced crystallization on the rheology and ageing of hard sphere glasses

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2008-2018
Number of pages11
JournalSoft Matter
Volume4
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2008

Abstract

The rheological properties of highly concentrated suspensions of hard sphere particles are studied with particular reference to the rheological response of shear induced crystals. Using practically monodisperse hard spheres, we prepare shear induced crystals under oscillatory shear and examine their linear and non-linear mechanical responses in comparison with their glassy counterparts at the same volume fraction. It is evident, that shear induced crystallization causes a significant drop in the elastic and viscous moduli due to structural rearrangements that ease flow. For the same reason the critical (peak of G '') and crossover (overlap of G' and G '') strain are smaller in the crystal compared to the glass at the same volume fraction. However, when the distance from the maximum packing in each state is taken into account the elastic modulus of the crystal is found to be larger than the glass at the same free volume, suggesting a strengthened material due to long range order. Finally, shear induced crystals counter-intuitively exhibit similar rheological ageing to the glass (with a logarithmic increase of G'), indicating that the shear induced structure is not at thermodynamic equilibrium.

    Research areas

  • LINEAR VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES, COLLOIDAL GLASSES, INDUCED ORDER, CONCENTRATED SUSPENSIONS, ELASTIC-CONSTANTS, VOLUME FRACTION, PHASE-BEHAVIOR, CRYSTALS, FLOW, TRANSITION

ID: 1275683