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Effects of Urban Green Space on Environmental Health, Equity and Resilience

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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas
Subtitle of host publicationLinkages between Science, Policy and Practice
EditorsNadja Kabisch, Horst Korn, Jutta Stadler, Aletta Bonn
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringerOpen
Pages187-205
ISBN (Electronic)9783319560915
ISBN (Print)9783319537504
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sep 2017

Publication series

NameTheory and Practice of Urban Sustainability Transitions
PublisherSpringerOpen
ISSN (Print)2199-5508
ISSN (Electronic)2199-5516

Abstract

Modern urban life style is associated with chronic stress, insufficient physical activity and exposure to anthropogenic environmental hazards. Urban green space, such as parks, playgrounds, and residential greenery, can promote mental and physical health and reduce morbidity and mortality in urban residents by providing psychological relaxation and stress alleviation, stimulating social cohesion, supporting physical activity, and reducing exposure to air pollutants, noise and excessive heat.

This chapter summarizes the pathways that link green spaces to health and well-being, and discusses available evidence of specific beneficial effects such as improved mental health, reduced risks of cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes and death, and improved pregnancy outcomes

Specific attention is given to benefits of urban green space for disadvantaged groups and their impacts on health equity. Potential health risks associated with urban green spaces are also discussed along with approaches to reducing or eliminating these risks through proper design and maintenance of green spaces.

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