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Emotional outcomes after stroke: factors associated with poor outcome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2000


OBJECTIVES: The impact of stroke on the emotional outcome of patients is large. The aim was to describe the emotional outcomes among a cohort of patients which was of sufficient size to provide a precise estimate of their frequency and help identify those factors which are associated with poor outcomes after an acute stroke.

METHODS: 372 surviving patients, who had been referred to a hospital and entered into a randomised trial to evaluate a stroke family care worker, were asked to complete questionnaires at a 6 month follow up. These included measures of emotional distress (general health questionnaire 30 item, hospital anxiety and depression scale) and physical functioning (modified Rankin, Barthel index). A regression analysis was used to identify factors which were independently associated with poor outcomes.

RESULTS: 184 (60%) surviving patients scored more than 4 on the GHQ-30, 55 (22%) more than 8 on the HAD anxiety subscale, and 49 (20%) more than 8 on the HAD depression subscale. Patients with severe strokes resulting in physical disability were more likely to be depressed whereas there was a less strong relation between disability and anxiety. Patients with posterior circulation strokes had consistently better emotional outcomes than those with anterior circulation strokes.

CONCLUSIONS: These data may help identify those patients at greatest risk of poor emotional outcomes and thus help in planning trials and delivering appropriate interventions.

    Research areas

  • Aged, Emotions, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Stroke

ID: 18794775