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Evidence for distinct stages of magma history recorded by the compositions of accessory apatite and zircon

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Volume166
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2013

Abstract

Accessory minerals contain a robust and accessible record of magma evolution. However, they may reflect relatively late-stage conditions in the history of the host magmas. In the normally zoned Criffell granitic pluton (Scotland), whole-rock (WR) compositions reflect open system assimilation and fractional crystallisation at depths of > 11 km, whereas amphibole barometry and the absence of inherited zircon suggest that the observed mineral assemblages crystallised following emplacement of magmas with little or no crystal cargo at depths of 4-6 km. The crystallisation history is documented by large trace-element variations amongst apatite crystals from within individual samples: decreasing LREE and Th concentrations in apatite crystals from metaluminous samples reflect broadly synchronous crystallisation of allanite, whereas lower LREE and Th, and more negative Nd anomalies in apatites from peraluminous samples reflect the effects of monazite crystallisation. WR evolution is likely to have occurred within a deep crustal hot zone where H2O-rich (similar to 6 wt%), low-viscosity magmas segregated and ascended adiabatically in a super-liquidus state, leading to resorption of most entrained crystals. Stalling, emplacement and crystallisation resulted from intersection with the H2O-saturated liquidus at similar to 4 km. H2O contents are as important as temperature in the development of super-liquidus magmas during ascent, blurring distinctions between apparently 'hot' and 'cold' granites. The trace-element contents of most accessory minerals are controlled by competitive crystallisation of other accessory minerals in small melt batches, consistent with the incremental assembly of large granitic plutons.

    Research areas

  • Accessory minerals, Trace elements, Hot zone, Granite emplacement, Magma ascent, Incremental assembly, ENGLISH LAKE DISTRICT, MOUNT ST-HELENS, LATE CALEDONIAN GRANITES, RARE-EARTH ELEMENTS, TRACE-ELEMENT, PARTITION-COEFFICIENTS, EXPERIMENTAL CONSTRAINTS, IAPETUS SUTURE, DRIVEN CRYSTALLIZATION, PHASE-EQUILIBRIA

ID: 8996496