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Exposing Emotional Labour Experienced by Nursing Students During their Clinical Learning Experience: A Malawian Perspective

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    Rights statement: © Msiska, G., Smith, P., & Fawcett, T. (2014). Exposing Emotional Labour Experienced by Nursing Students During their Clinical Learning Experience: A Malawian Perspective. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, 1, 43-50.

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    Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND)

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214139114000109#
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences
Volume1
Early online date10 Jul 2014
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Abstract

Background
Clinical nursing education is a fundamental component in the pre-registration nursing curriculum and literature reflects its challenges.

Aim
The study investigated the clinical learning experience of undergraduate nursing students in Malawi to explore their perceptions of the experience.

Design
This was a hermeneutic phenomenological study.

Setting
The study took place at a University Nursing College in Malawi.

Participants
Participants for the study were purposively selected from among third and fourth year undergraduate nursing students. The sample consisted of 30 participants and their participation was voluntary.

Methods
Conversational interviews were conducted to obtain participants’ accounts of their experience and a framework developed by modifying Colaizzi’s procedural steps guided the phenomenological analysis. In a hermeneutic phenomenological study, interpretation is critical to the process of understanding the phenomenon being investigated. The findings have been interpreted from a perspective of emotions, utilising emotional labour (Hochschild, 1983) as a conceptual framework which guided the interpretive phase.

Results
The study findings reveal that the clinical learning experience is suffused with emotions and students appear to engage in management of emotions, which is commonly understood as emotional labour. Emotional labour is evident in students’ narrative accounts about their caring encounters, death and dying and caring-learning relationships as they interact with clinical nurses and lecturers during their clinical learning experience.

Conclusion
Effective clinical teaching and learning demands the emotional commitment of lecturers. The understanding of emotional labour in all its manifestations will help in the creation of caring clinical learning environments for student nurses in Malawi.

    Research areas

  • emotional labour, nursing education, clinical learning, clinical learning environment, phenomenological study

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