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Facilitation of IL-22 production from innate lymphoid cells by prostaglandin E2 prevents experimental lung neutrophilic inflammation

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Original languageEnglish
Early online date24 Mar 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Mar 2018


Acute lung injury (ALI) is neutrophil-dominant, life-threatening disease without effective therapies and better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms involved is an urgent need. Here we show that IL-22 is produced from innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and is responsible for suppression of experimental lung neutrophilic inflammation. Blocking prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis reduces lung ILCs and IL-22 production, resulting in exacerbation of lung neutrophilic inflammation. In contrast, activation of the PGE2 receptor EP4 prevents acute lung inflammation. We thus demonstrate a mechanism for production of innate IL-22 in the lung during acute injury, highlighting potential therapeutic strategies for control of lung neutrophilic inflammation by targeting the PGE2/ILC/IL-22 axis.

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