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Family-specific genotype arrays increase the accuracy of pedigree-based imputation at very low marker densities

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    Rights statement: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creat iveco mmons .org/licen ses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creat iveco mmons .org/ publi cdoma in/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Original languageEnglish
JournalGenetics Selection Evolution
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2019

Abstract

In this paper, we evaluate the performance of using family-specific low-density genotype arrays to increase the accuracy of pedigree-based imputation. Genotype imputation is a widely used tool that decreases the costs of genotyping a population by genotyping the majority of individuals on a low-density array and using statistical regularities between the low-density and high-density individuals to fill in the missing genotypes. Previous work on population-based imputation has found that it is possible to increase the accuracy of imputation by maximizing the number of informative markers on an array. In the context of pedigree-based imputation, where the informativeness of a marker depends only on the genotypes of an individual’s parents, it may be beneficial to select the markers on each low-density array on a family-by-family basis.

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