Edinburgh Research Explorer

Femtosecond diffraction studies of solid and liquid phase changes in shock-compressed bismuth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • M. G. Gorman
  • Amy Coleman
  • Richard Briggs
  • Ryan Mcwilliams
  • David McGonegle
  • C A Bolme
  • A E Gleason
  • Eric Galtier
  • H. J. Lee
  • E Granados
  • M Sliwa
  • C. Sanloup
  • S Rothman
  • D. E. Fratanduono
  • R. F. Smith
  • G. W. Collins
  • J. H. Eggert
  • Justin S. Wark
  • Malcolm McMahon

Related Edinburgh Organisations

Open Access permissions

Open

Original languageEnglish
Article number16927 (2018)
JournalScientific Reports
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2018

Abstract

Bismuth has long been a prototypical system for investigating phase transformations and melting at high pressure. Despite decades of experimental study, however, the lattice-level response of Bi to rapid (shock) compression and the relationship between structures occurring dynamically and those observed during slow (static) compression, are still not clearly understood. We have determined the structural response of shock-compressed Bi to 68 GPa using femtosecond X-ray diffraction, thereby revealing the phase transition sequence and equation-of-state in unprecedented detail for the first time. We show that shocked-Bi exhibits a marked departure from equilibrium behavior - the incommensurate Bi-III phase is not observed, but rather a new metastable phase, and the Bi-V phase is formed at significantly lower pressures compared to static compression studies. We also directly measure structural changes in a shocked liquid for the first time. These observations reveal new behaviour in the solid and liquid phases of a shocked material and give important insights into the validity of comparing static and dynamic datasets.

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 77703523