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From incommensurate to dispersive spin-fluctuations: The high-energy inelastic spectrum in superconducting YBa2Cu3O6.5

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • C Stock
  • W J L Buyers
  • R A Cowley
  • Paul Clegg
  • R Coldea
  • C D Frost
  • R Liang
  • D Peets
  • D Bonn
  • W N Hardy
  • R J Birgeneau

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Original languageEnglish
Article number024522
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages18
JournalPhysical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005


We have investigated the spin-fluctuations at energy transfers up to similar to110 meV, well above the resonance energy (33 meV) in the YBa2Cu3O6.5 ortho-II superconductor using neutron time-of-flight and triple-axis techniques. The spectrum at high energies differs from the low-energy incommensurate modulations previously reported where the incommensurate wave vector is largely independent of energy. Well above the resonance the peak of the spin response lies at wave vectors that increase with energy. Within error the excitations at all energies above the resonance are best described by a ring around the (pi,pi) position. The isotropic wave-vector pattern differs from a recently reported square pattern in different but related systems. The spin spectral weight at high energies is similar to that in the insulator but the characteristic velocity is similar to40% lower. We introduce a method of extracting the acoustic and optic weights at all energies from time-of-flight data. We find that the optic spectral weight extends to surprisingly low energies of similar to25 meV, and infer that the bilayer spin correlations weaken with increase in hole doping. When the low-energy optic excitations are taken into account we measure the total integrated weight around (pi,pi), for energies below 120 meV, to agree with that expected from the insulator. As a qualitative guide, we compare spin-wave calculations based on models with ordered and disordered stripes and describe the inadequacy of these and other stripe models for the high-energy fluctuations.

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