Edinburgh Research Explorer

Genetic basis of a cognitive complexity metric

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Narelle K Hansell
  • Graeme S Halford
  • Glenda Andrews
  • David H K Shum
  • Sanja Franic
  • Andrea Christoforou
  • Brendan Zietsch
  • Jodie Painter
  • Sarah E Medland
  • Erik A Ehli
  • Gareth E Davies
  • Vidar M Steen
  • Astri J Lundervold
  • Ivar Reinvang
  • Grant W Montgomery
  • Thomas Espeseth
  • Hilleke E Hulshoff Pol
  • Nicholas G Martin
  • Stephanie Le Hellard
  • Dorret I Boomsma
  • Margaret J Wright

Related Edinburgh Organisations

Open Access permissions

Open

Documents

  • Download as Adobe PDF

    Rights statement: Copyright: © 2015 Hansell et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

    Final published version, 984 KB, PDF-document

    Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY)

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0123886
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e0123886
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2015

Abstract

Relational complexity (RC) is a metric reflecting capacity limitation in relational processing. It plays a crucial role in higher cognitive processes and is an endophenotype for several disorders. However, the genetic underpinnings of complex relational processing have not been investigated. Using the classical twin model, we estimated the heritability of RC and genetic overlap with intelligence (IQ), reasoning, and working memory in a twin and sibling sample aged 15-29 years (N = 787). Further, in an exploratory search for genetic loci contributing to RC, we examined associated genetic markers and genes in our Discovery sample and selected loci for replication in four independent samples (ALSPAC, LBC1936, NTR, NCNG), followed by meta-analysis (N>6500) at the single marker level. Twin modelling showed RC is highly heritable (67%), has considerable genetic overlap with IQ (59%), and is a major component of genetic covariation between reasoning and working memory (72%). At the molecular level, we found preliminary support for four single-marker loci (one in the gene DGKB), and at a gene-based level for the NPS gene, having influence on cognition. These results indicate that genetic sources influencing relational processing are a key component of the genetic architecture of broader cognitive abilities. Further, they suggest a genetic cascade, whereby genetic factors influencing capacity limitation in relational processing have a flow-on effect to more complex cognitive traits, including reasoning and working memory, and ultimately, IQ.

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 19508604