Edinburgh Research Explorer

Genetic parameters for periodontal disease: an analysis of electronic dental treatment records linked to pedigree, genomic, sociodemographic and clinical data. International Population Data Linkage Conference. Wales, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2016
EventInternational Population Data Linkage Conference - Swansea, United Kingdom
Duration: 24 Aug 201626 Aug 2016

Conference

ConferenceInternational Population Data Linkage Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CitySwansea
Period24/08/1626/08/16

Abstract

Electronic health records provides unprecedented opportunity for its re-use for many tasks, including genetic epidemiological research. However, electronic health records data from clinical settings, such as dental practices be inaccurate or of insufficient granularity to be of use in research. In this study we wish to determine the utility of National Health Service (NHS) electronic dental treatment records in genetic epidemiological research.

Objective; to estimate the heritability of periodontal disease using NHS electronic dental treatment records linked to health and non-health data within the Generation Scotland: Scottish Family Health Study (GS:SFHS).

Approach; we linked 852,355 NHS Scotland electronic dental treatment records from April 2000 to July 2015 to 20,626 participants within the GS:SFHS with pedigree, genomic, sociodemographic and clinical data. We then conducted a proof-of-principle genetic epidemiological analysis using periodontal (gum) disease treatment records. The data set analysed, consisted of 160,508 dental treatment records from 13,717 study participants; 3,387 of which were periodontal treatment records (from 2,192 study participants). We adjusted for the effects of previous treatment record, interval since last treatment, age, sex, treatment year, and treatment month, Scottish index of multiple deprivation, alcohol consumption, diabetes diagnosis, and smoking status in a linear model in the statistical software ASReml. We then calculated the mean risk of periodontal disease for each study participant based on residuals extracted from the aforementioned model. Genome-complex trait analysis (GCTA; with correction for population stratification) was used to estimate the pedigree and genomic based heritability of periodontal disease.

Results; we estimate the familial heritability of periodontal (gum) disease at 10.42% (95% confidence interval 5.97-14.88%). The genomic component did not contribute significantly to the heritability estimate.

Conclusion; we have demonstrated the usefulness of electronic dental treatment records in population based genetic epidemiological research .This study has also, to the best of our knowledge provided the first population based estimates of the genetic parameters for periodontal disease; confirming its familial nature. This invaluable and unique data resource will allow the acceleration of oral health research in Scotland and the exploration of research questions that could not be considered previously.

    Research areas

  • electronic dental treatment records, National Health Service Scotland, Generation Scotland: Scottish Family Health Study, heritability, periodontal disease

Event

International Population Data Linkage Conference

24/08/1626/08/16

Swansea, United Kingdom

Event: Conference

ID: 29307821