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Genomic evaluation, breed identification, and population structure of Guernsey cattle in North America, Great Britain, and the Isle of Guernsey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5508-5515
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume99
Issue number7
Early online date11 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

Abstract

As of December 2015, 2,376 Guernsey bulls and cows had genotypes from collaboration between the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the Isle of Guernsey. Of those, 439 bulls and 504 cows had traditional US evaluations, which provided sufficient data to justify investigation of the possible benefits of genomic evaluation for the Guernsey breed. Evaluation accuracy was assessed using a traditional 4-yr cutoff study. Twenty-two traits were analyzed (5 yield traits, 3 functional traits, and 14 conformation traits). Mean reliability gain over that for parent average was 16.8 percentage points across traits, which compares with 8.2, 18.5, 20.0, and 32.6 percentage points reported for Ayrshires, Brown Swiss, Jerseys, and Holsteins, respectively. Highest Guernsey reliability gains were for rump width (44.5 percentage points) and dairy form (40.5 percentage points); lowest gains were for teat length (1.9 percentage points) and rear legs (side view) (2.3 percentage points). Slight reliability losses (1.5 to 4.5 percentage points) were found for udder cleft, final score, and udder depth as well as a larger loss (13.6 percentage points) for fore udder attachment. Twenty-one single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified for Guernsey breed determination and can be used in routine genotype quality control to confirm breed and identify crossbreds. No haplotypes that affect fertility were identified from the current data set. Principal component analysis showed some divergence of US and Isle of Guernsey subpopulations. However, the overlap of US, Canadian, UK, and Isle of Guernsey subpopulations indicated the presence of gene flow, and the similarities in the subpopulations supports a common genomic evaluation system across the regions.

    Research areas

  • Guernsey, breed determination, genomic evaluation, principal component analysis, population structure

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