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High-resolution measurement of the time-modulated orbital electron capture and of the beta(+) decay of hydrogen-like Pm-142(60+) ions

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-645
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume726
Issue number4-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2013

Abstract

The periodic time modulations, found recently in the two-body orbital electron capture (EC) decay of both, hydrogen-like Pr-140(58+) and Pm-142(60+) ions, with periods near to 7 s and amplitudes of about 20 were re-investigated for the case of Pm-142(60+) by using a 245 MHz resonator cavity with a much improved sensitivity and time resolution. We observed that the exponential EC decay is modulated with a period T = 7.11(11) s, in accordance with a modulation period T = 7.12(11) s as obtained from simultaneous observations with a capacitive pick-up, employed also in the previous experiments. The modulation amplitudes amount to a(R) = 0.107(24) and a(P) = 0.134(27) for the 245 MHz resonator and the capacitive pick-up, respectively. These new results corroborate for both detectors exactly our previous findings of modulation periods near to 7 s, though with distinctly smaller amplitudes. Also the three-body beta(+) decays have been analyzed. For a supposed modulation period near to 7 s we found an amplitude a = 0.027(27), compatible with a = 0 and in agreement with the preliminary result a = 0.030(30) of our previous experiment. These observations could point at weak interaction as origin of the observed 7 s-modulation of the EC decay. Furthermore, the data suggest that interference terms occur in the two-body EC decay, although the neutrinos are not directly observed. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Two-body weak decays, Orbital electron capture, Ion storage rings, Highly-charged ions

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