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HOW DOES NIOBIUM IMPROVE THE OXIDATION RESISTANCE OF COMMERCIALLY PURE TITANIUM?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  • Graeme Ackland
  • Carsten Siemers
  • Bengt E. Tegner
  • K. Saksl
  • F. Brunke
  • M, Kohnke

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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTi-2015 conference procedings
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Abstract

The application of titanium alloys is limited to 550°C due to their poor oxidation resistance. It is known that the addition of niobium decelerates the oxidation of titanium alloys whereas elements like vanadium do not improve titanium’s oxidation resistance. The underlying mechanisms are not yet well understood. In the present study, different binary titanium-niobium and titanium-vanadium alloys as well as commercially pure titanium were investigated. Oxidation experiments were carried out at 800°C up to 288 hours followed by metallographic analyses to study the oxide layer morphology as well as the microstructure at the interface. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy mappings were used to identify possible changes in the distribution of the alloying elements. In addition, micro-focused hard X-ray experiments were performed to layer-wise analyse the phase composition in selected samples. As expected, the niobium containing alloys show a better oxidation performance compared to commercially pure titanium and the titanium-vanadium alloys. The oxide layer consisted of TiO2 and Ti2O3. Depending of the niobium content, a niobium-rich layer developed below the metal-oxide-interface minimising oxygen diffusion into the titanium matrix. Based on these results, the minimal niobium content needed for improved oxidation resistance was identified so that alloys of technical relevance can now be developed.
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