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HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE SPECTRAL OBSERVATIONS NEAR THE He II Ly alpha BREAK: IMPLICATIONS FOR He II REIONIZATION

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • David Syphers
  • Scott F. Anderson
  • Wei Zheng
  • Avery Meiksin
  • Daryl Haggard
  • Donald P. Schneider
  • Donald G. York

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Original languageEnglish
Article number111
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume726
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2011

Abstract

Quasars that allow the study of intergalactic medium (IGM) He II are very rare, since they must be at high redshift along sightlines free of substantial hydrogen absorption, but recent work has dramatically expanded the number of such quasars known. We analyze two dozen higher-redshift (z = 3.1-3.9) low-resolution He II quasar spectra from the Hubble Space Telescope and find that their He II Gunn-Peterson troughs suggest exclusion of very early and very late reionization models, favoring a reionization redshift of z similar to 3. Although the data quality is not sufficient to reveal details such as the expected redshift evolution of helium opacity, we obtain the first ensemble measure of helium opacity at high redshift averaged over many sightlines: tau = 4.90 at z similar to 3.3. We also find that it would be very difficult to observe the IGM red wing of absorption from the beginning of He II reionization, but depending on the redshift of reionization and the size of ionization zones, it might be possible to do so in some objects with the current generation of UV spectrographs.

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