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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe International Encyclopedia of Anthropology
EditorsHilary Callan
Place of PublicationOxford
ISBN (Electronic)9781118924396
ISBN (Print)9780470657225
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2018


Hunter‐gatherers are those people who live by hunting animals, gathering wild plants, and fishing alone. They have no agriculture and therefore no experience of the domestication of crops or of animals. In recent years, though, this conventional understanding of hunter‐gatherer subsistence has been relaxed, and some whose ancestors had in the past been pure hunter‐gatherers are now thought of as maintaining a hunter‐gatherer ethos if not a mode of subsistence assuming hunting and gathering alone. Synonyms include gatherer‐hunters, foragers, and (those who live in) band societies.

    Research areas

  • Hunting/gathering, ecology, egalitarianism, foraging, band society

ID: 18667708