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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe International Encyclopedia of Anthropology
EditorsHilary Callan
Place of PublicationOxford
ISBN (Electronic)9781118924396
ISBN (Print)9780470657225
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2018


Hxaro is a formalized gift‐giving custom found among some Bushman or San groups in the northern Kalahari. The initial “h” is not pronounced but is there simply to indicate, for English‐speakers lacking a glottal fricative, that the x is to be pronounced. In some dialects it is known as //'ãe, which is the relevant verb. It is also, and more correctly, written as xaro.

ID: 18651722