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Individual differences in the regulation of positive emotion: The role of attachment and self esteem

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http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886914006072
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-213
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume74
Early online date12 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

Abstract

Individual differences in the regulation of positive emotion are associated with psychological resilience and well being. This study investigated the relationship between attachment, self esteem and gender and the regulation of positive emotion. 174 participants completed an online battery measuring attachment avoidance and anxiety, global self esteem and positive emotion regulation strategies (dampening and savouring). Moderating moderation analyses indicated that attachment insecurity was associated with maladaptive regulation of positive emotion. Savouring of positive emotion was predicted by attachment avoidance but not anxiety. Dampening of positive emotion was predicted by avoidance and self esteem and by the interaction of attachment anxiety with self esteem. Correlations between attachment and specific dampening and savouring strategies are discussed. The results are discussed within the broader context of attachment-related differences in emotion regulation.

    Research areas

  • emotion regulation, positive emotion, attachment, moderation, anxiety, avoidance

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