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Interaction promotes the adaptation of referential conventions to the communicative context

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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Castillo, L, Smith, K, Branigan, HP. Interaction Promotes the Adaptation of Referential Conventions to the Communicative Context. Cogn Sci. 2019; 00: 1– 31. https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.12780, which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cogs.12780. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12780
JournalCognitive Science
Issue number8
Early online date4 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


Coordination between speakers in dialogue requires balancing repetition and change, the old andthe new. Interlocutors tend to re-use established forms, relying on communicative precedents.Yet linguistic interaction also necessitates adaptation to changing contexts or dynamic tasks,which might favor abandoning existing precedents in favor of better communicative alternatives.We explored this tension using a maze game task in which individual participants and interacting pairs had to describe figures and their positions in one of two possible maze types: a regular maze, in which the grid-like structure of the maze is highlighted, and an irregular maze, in which specific parts of the maze are salient. Participants repeated this task several times. Both individuals and interacting pairs were affected by the different maze layouts, initially using more idiosyncratic description schemes for irregular mazes and more systematic schemes for regular mazes. Interacting pairs, but not individuals, abandoned their unsystematic initial descriptions in favor of a more systematic approach, which was better adapted for repeated interaction. Our results show communicative conventions are initially shaped by context, but interaction opens up the possibility for change if better alternatives are available.

    Research areas

  • convention, adaptation, interaction, alignment, reference

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