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Interleukin-1 beta Regulates CXCL8 Release and Influences Disease Outcome in Response to Streptococcus pneumoniae, Defining Intercellular Cooperation between Pulmonary Epithelial Cells and Macrophages

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • Helen M. Marriott
  • Kate A. Gascoyne
  • Ravi Gowda
  • Ian Geary
  • Martin J. H. Nicklin
  • Francesco Iannelli
  • Gianni Pozzi
  • Timothy J. Mitchell
  • Moira K. B. Whyte
  • Ian Sabroe
  • David Dockrell

Related Edinburgh Organisations

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1140-1149
Number of pages10
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Abstract

The success of Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus) as a pulmonary pathogen is related to its restriction of innate immune responses by respiratory epithelial cells. The mechanisms used to overcome this restriction are incompletely elucidated. Pulmonary chemokine expression involves complex cellular and molecular networks, involving the pulmonary epithelium, but the specific cellular interactions and the cytokines that control them are incompletely defined. We show that serotype 2 or 4 pneumococci induce only modest levels of CXCL8 expression from epithelial cell lines, even in the absence of a polysaccharide capsule. In contrast, coculture of A549 cells with the macrophage-like THP-1 cell line, differentiated with vitamin D, or monocyte-derived macrophages enhanced CXCL8 release. Supernatants from the THP-1 cell line prime A549 cells to release CXCL8 at levels similar to cocultures. Interleukin-1Ra (IL-1Ra) inhibits CXCL8 release from cocultures and reduces the activity of macrophage-conditioned media, but inhibition of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) had only a minimal effect on CXCL8 release. Release of IL-1 beta but not TNF-alpha was upregulated in cocultures. IL-1 type 1 receptor knockout C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice confirmed the importance of IL-1 signaling in CXC chemokine expression and neutrophil recruitment in vivo. In fulminant disease, increased IL-1 signaling resulted in increased neutrophils in the airway and more invasive disease. These results demonstrate that IL-1 is an important component of the cellular network involving macrophages and epithelial cells, which facilitates CXC chemokine expression and aids neutrophil recruitment during pneumococcal pneumonia. They also highlight a potential clinical role for anti-IL-1 treatment to limit excessive neutrophilic inflammation in the lung.

    Research areas

  • IMPAIRED HOST-DEFENSE, TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR, PNEUMOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA, INFLAMMATORY RESPONSES, NEUTROPHIL RECRUITMENT, HUMAN-MONOCYTES, DEFICIENT MICE, THP-1 CELLS, I RECEPTOR, LUNG

ID: 17164872