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Is bipolar disorder more common in highly intelligent people? A cohort study of a million men

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    Rights statement: This is an author's accepted manuscript of the following article: © Gale, C. R., Batty, G. D., McIntosh, A. M., Porteous, D. J., Deary, I. J. & Rasmussen, F. Feb 2013, "Is bipolar disorder more common in highly intelligent people? A cohort study of a million men", in Molecular Psychiatry. 18, 2, p. 190-194. The final publication is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mp.2012.26

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-194
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Issue number2
Early online date3 Apr 2012
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013


Anecdotal and biographical reports have long suggested that bipolar disorder is more common in people with exceptional cognitive or creative ability. Epidemiological evidence for such a link is sparse. We investigated the relationship between intelligence and subsequent risk of hospitalisation for bipolar disorder in a prospective cohort study of 1 049 607 Swedish men. Intelligence was measured on conscription for military service at a mean age of 18.3 years and data on psychiatric hospital admissions over a mean follow-up period of 22.6 years was obtained from national records. Risk of hospitalisation with any form of bipolar disorder fell in a stepwise manner as intelligence increased (P for linear trend

    Research areas

  • RISK, comorbidity, age, national inpatient register, psychoses, IQ, performance, early adulthood, cognitive ability, validity, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, intelligence

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