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Is Fc gamma receptor IIA (FcγRIIA) polymorphism associated with clinical malaria and Plasmodium falciparum specific antibody levels in children from Burkina Faso?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Mariama K Cherif
  • Guillaume S Sanou
  • Edith C Bougouma
  • Amidou Diarra
  • Alphonse Ouédraogo
  • Amagana Dolo
  • Marita Troye-Blomberg
  • David R Cavanagh
  • Michael Theisen
  • David Modiano
  • Sodiomon B Sirima
  • Issa Nebié

Related Edinburgh Organisations

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-6
Number of pages6
JournalActa Tropica
Volume142
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2015

Abstract

In the present study, the influences of FcγRIIA polymorphism on susceptibility to malaria and antibody responses to Plasmodium falciparum antigens were analyzed in children. We recruited 96 healthy children between 3 and 10 years at the beginning of the high transmission season and we followed up for 5 months through the high transmission season to assess the parasitological, immunological and genetic endpoints in relation to clinical malaria status. There was a similar distribution of homozygous and heterozygous individuals carrying the FcγRIIA-131R/R and FcγRIIA-131R/H allele, whereas the number of FcγRIIA-131H/H homozygous individuals was lower. P. falciparum infection frequency was not associated with the FcγRIIa-131R/H polymorphism. Only IgG antibody responses to GLURP R0 showed a significant association between antibody levels and FcγRIIA polymorphism (p=0.02). IgG levels to MSP2a were significantly higher in children who did not experience any clinical malaria episode compared to those who experienced at least one malaria episode (p=0.019). Cytophilic and non-cytophylic IgG subclass levels were higher in children without malaria than those who experienced at least one malaria episode. This difference was statistically significant for IgG1 to MSP3 (p=0.003) and to MSP2a (p=0.006); IgG3 to MSP2a (p=0.007) and to GLURP R0 (p=0.044); IgG2 to MSP2b (p=0.007) and IgG4 to MSP3 (p=0.051) and to MSP2a (p=0.049). In this study, homozygous carriers of the FcγRIIA-131R/R allele had higher malaria-specific antibody levels compare to the heterozygous carriers FcγRIIA-131R/H alleles and to homozygous carriers of FcγRIIA-131H/H alleles. The pre-existing antibodies responses were related to a reduced subsequent risk of clinical malaria.

    Research areas

  • Antibodies, Protozoan, Burkina Faso, Child, Child, Preschool, Cohort Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Disease Susceptibility, Female, Humans, Malaria, Falciparum, Male, Plasmodium falciparum, Polymorphism, Genetic, Receptors, IgG

ID: 26490764