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Lack of IFN<gamma> signaling attenuates spread of influenza A virus in vivo and leads to reduced pathogenesis

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-164
JournalVirology
Volume526
Early online date31 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2019

Abstract

IFNγ is a key regulator of inflammatory responses but its role in influenza A virus (IAV) pathogenesis is unclear. Our studies show that infection of mice lacking the IFNγ receptor (IFNγR-/-) at a dose which caused severe disease in wild type 129 Sv/Ev (WT) mice resulted in milder clinical symptoms and significantly lower lung virus titers by 6 days post-infection (dpi). Viral spread was reduced in IFNγR-/- lungs at 2 and 4 dpi. Levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines were lower in IFNγR-/- mice at 2 dpi and there was less infiltration of monocyte/macrophage lineage cells than in WT mice. There was no difference in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and alveolar macrophages in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) at 2 and 4 dpi but by 4 dpi IFNγR-/- mice had significantly higher percentages of neutrophils. Our data strongly suggest that IAV can use the inflammatory response to promote viral spread.

    Research areas

  • Influenza A virus, Lung inflammation, IFNγ, Host response

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