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Life-course pathways to psychological distress: a cohort study

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    Rights statement: © von Stumm, S., Deary, I. J., & Hagger-Johnson, G. (2013). Life-course pathways to psychological distress: a cohort study. BMJ Open, 3(5). 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002772

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Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2013


Early life factors, like intelligence and socioeconomic status (SES), are associated with health outcomes in adulthood. Fitting comprehensive life-course models, we tested (1) the effect of childhood intelligence and SES, education and adulthood SES on psychological distress at midlife, and (2) compared alternative measurement specifications (reflective and formative) of SES.

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