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    Rights statement: This article has been published in a revised form in Journal of the International Phonetic Association: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025100318000257 . This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. ©Misnadin and Kirby , 2018

    Accepted author manuscript, 7.43 MB, PDF document

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-126
JournalJournal of the International Phonetic Association
Issue number1
Early online date28 Sep 2018
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


Madurese (bhâsa Madhurâ) is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken primarily on the island of Madura and a number of regions in East Java, Indonesia. Its further subgrouping has remained a matter of some dispute. Early work placed Madurese in a Malayo-Javanic subgroup containing Javanese, Sundanese, and Malay(Dyen 1963).Glottolog and Ethnologue use the more recent ‘Malayo-Sumbawan’ classification (Adelaar 2005a), which puts Malayic, Chamic, and the Balinese-Sasak-Sumbawa group into one branch with Madurese and Sundanese in two other branches, to the exclusionof Javanese. Blust(2009), rejecting the Malayo-Sumbawan hypothesis, tentatively places Madurese in a Malayo-Chamic subgroup, but also(2010) suggests that, as Madurese is lexically similar to Malay but phonologically and morphologically quite different, it may once have subgrouped with Javanese and later underwent heavy relexicalization due to language contact (see also discussion in Kluge 2017: 3).

    Research areas

  • Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian

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