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Magnetic resonance imaging acquisition techniques intended to decrease movement artefact in paediatric brain imaging: a systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1271-1281
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric radiology
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

Abstract

Attaining paediatric brain images of diagnostic quality can be difficult because of young age or neurological impairment. The use of anaesthesia to reduce movement in MRI increases clinical risk and cost, while CT, though faster, exposes children to potentially harmful ionising radiation. MRI acquisition techniques that aim to decrease movement artefact may allow diagnostic paediatric brain imaging without sedation or anaesthesia. We conducted a systematic review to establish the evidence base for ultra-fast sequences and sequences using oversampling of k-space in paediatric brain MR imaging. Techniques were assessed for imaging time, occurrence of movement artefact, the need for sedation, and either image quality or diagnostic accuracy. We identified 24 relevant studies. We found that ultra-fast techniques had shorter imaging acquisition times compared to standard MRI. Techniques using oversampling of k-space required equal or longer imaging times than standard MRI. Both ultra-fast sequences and those using oversampling of k-space reduced movement artefact compared with standard MRI in unsedated children. Assessment of overall diagnostic accuracy was difficult because of the heterogeneous patient populations, imaging indications, and reporting methods of the studies. In children with shunt-treated hydrocephalus there is evidence that ultra-fast MRI is sufficient for the assessment of ventricular size.

    Research areas

  • Magnetic resonance imaging, Movement artefact, Neuroradiology, Children, SHUNTED HYDROCEPHALUS, HASTE SEQUENCES, PROPELLER MRI, HEAD MOTION, CHILDREN, BLADE, CT, QUICK, LESIONS, FLAIR

ID: 24355765