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Measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates

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Original languageEnglish
Article number231802
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2019

Abstract

We report a measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates using a novel approach that enhances sensitivity to this parameter. We use $2.3\times 10^6$ $D^0\to K_S^0\pi^+\pi^-$ decays reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011 and 2012. Allowing for $CP$ violation in mixing and in the interference between mixing and decay, we measure the $CP$-averaged normalized mass difference $x_{CP} = \left[2.7\pm1.6\text{(stat)}\pm0.4\text{(syst)}\right]\times10^{-3}$ and the $CP$-violating parameter $\Delta x = \left[-0.53\pm0.70\text{(stat)}\pm0.22\text{(syst)}\right]\times10^{-3}$. The results are consistent with $CP$ symmetry. These determinations are the most precise from a single experiment and, combined with current world-average results, yield the first evidence that the masses of the neutral charm-meson eigenstates differ.

ID: 155213798