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Microbial Production of Isoprenoids

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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConsequences of Microbial Interactions with Hydrocarbons, Oils, and Lipids
Subtitle of host publication Production of Fuels and Chemicals
Place of PublicationGermany
PublisherSpringer
Pages21-24
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-31421-1
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Feb 2017

Publication series

NameHandbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology

Abstract

Isoprenoids are among the most diverse groups of compounds synthesized by
biological systems; it has been estimated that there are approximately
30,000–50,000 known isoprenoids, which include the terpenoids and carotenoids. Isoprenoids are important in maintaining membrane fluidity, electron
transport, protein prenylation, and cellular and organismal development and in
controlling pests. Many isoprenoids have found application as fragrances and
essential oils, pharmaceuticals, specialty and commodity chemicals, and most
recently biofuels. To make all of these applications of isoprenoids possible, their
production in microbial hosts is essential. Recently, there has been much progress
in producing these complex hydrocarbons in both Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces
cerevisiae. In this chapter, we review recent progress in this area.

ID: 53947462