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Modelling of Hull Roughness

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-42
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume174
Early online date30 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019

Abstract

In this paper we present a practical guideline on how to estimate the frictional resistance of ship hulls due to different fouling control coatings. Most of the current methods rely on empirical formulations based on an equivalent sand grain roughness height. These correlations are not universal and cannot be applied to every marine surface. Conversely, the shear stress of a specific coating can be measured in an experimental facility at the same Reynolds roughness number as at full scale. The results can be used to inform the boundary conditions of computational fluid dynamics, where the complex flow around the ship can be computed for any sailing condition. Hence, this methodology allows the estimation of the frictional resistance due to a specific surface in a specific sailing condition. Representative antifouling coating products by AkzoNobel, and wall functions for the open-source code OpenFOAM, are used to illustrate the methodology. Similarities and differences with other methods are discussed.

    Research areas

  • Friction resistance, Skin-friction, Rough wall, Fouling control coatings, Turbulent boundary layer, Roughness function

ID: 80705092