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Nature and consequences of interactions between Salmonella enterica serovar Dublin and host cells in cattle

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99
JournalVeterinary Research
Early online date27 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Nov 2019

Abstract

Salmonella enterica is a veterinary and zoonotic pathogen of global importance. While murine and cell-based models of infection have provided considerable knowledge about the molecular basis of virulence of Salmonella, relatively little is known about salmonellosis in naturally-affected large animal hosts such as cattle, which are a reservoir of human salmonellosis. As in humans, Salmonella causes bovine disease ranging from self-limiting enteritis to systemic typhoid-like disease and exerts significant economic and welfare costs. Understanding the nature and consequences of Salmonella interactions with bovine cells will inform the design of effective vaccines and interventions to control animal and zoonotic infections. In calves challenged orally with S. Dublin expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP), we observed that the bacteria were predominantly extracellular in the distal ileal mucosa and within gut associated lymph nodes 48 h post-infection. Intracellular bacteria, identified by flow cytometry using the GFP signal, were predominantly within MHCII+ macrophage-like
cells. In contrast to observations from murine models, these S. Dublin-infected cells had elevated levels of MHCII and CD40 compared to both uninfected cells from the same tissues and cells from the cognate tissue of uninfected animals. Moreover, no gross changes of the architecture of infected lymph nodes were observed in cattle as was described previously in a mouse model. In order to further investigate Salmonella macrophage interactions, net replication of Salmonella enterica serovars that differ in virulence in cattle was measured in bovine blood-derived macrophages by enumeration of gentamicin-protected bacteria and fluorescence dilution, but did not correlate with host-specificity.

    Research areas

  • Salmonella, cattle, host-specificity, tropism, cells, response, MHC

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