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Network of Epistatic Interactions Within a Yeast snoRNA

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    Rights statement: This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science Journal 352 (62887), DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf0965

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Original languageEnglish
JournalScience
Early online date14 Apr 2016
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 May 2016

Abstract

Epistatic interactions play a fundamental role in molecular evolution, but
little is known about the spatial distribution of these interactions within genes. To systematicallysurvey a model landscape of intragenic epistasis, we quantified the fitness of ~60,000 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains expressing randomly mutated variants of the 333-nt long U3 snoRNA. The fitness effects of individual mutations were correlated with evolutionary conservation and structural stability. Many mutations had small individual effects, but large
effects in the context of additional mutations, indicating negative epistasis. Clusters of negative interactions were explained by local thermodynamic threshold effects, whereas positive interactions were enriched among large-effect sites and between base-paired nucleotides. We conclude that high-throughput mapping of intragenic epistasis can identify key structural and
functional features of macromolecules.

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