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Neutron scattering and magnetization studies of Ba2Cu2.95Co0.05O4Cl2: A decorated two-dimensional antiferromagnet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • M K Ramazanoglu
  • Paul Clegg
  • S Wakimoto
  • R J Birgeneau
  • S Noro

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Original languageEnglish
Article number054418
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006


Ba2Cu3O4Cl2 has two interpenetrating square Cu sublattices, one with square root 2 times the in-plane spacing of the other. Isotropic magnetic interactions between the two sublattices are completely frustrated. Quantum fluctuations resolve the intrinsic degeneracy in the ordering direction of the more weakly coupled sublattice in favor of collinear ordering. We present neutron scattering and magnetization studies of the magnetic structure when the Cu ions are substituted with Co. The Co spins create new magnetic interactions between the two sublattices. The ordering behavior of both Cu sublattices is retained largely unmodified. Between the phase transitions of the two sublattices spin-glass behavior is observed. Magnetization results show a strong enhancement to the ferromagnetic aspect of the magnetic structure. The combination of glassy behavior and large moments strongly suggest that the Co moments induce the formation of local canted states.

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