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Novel S-nitrosothiols do not engender vascular tolerance and remain effective in glyceryltrinitrate-tolerant rat femoral arteries

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-43
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2000


Organic nitrates, such as glyceryltrinitrate, are nitric oxide (NO) donor drugs that engender tolerance with long-term use. Here, we tested the hypothesis that our novel S-nitrosothiols, N-(S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine)-2-amino-2-deoxy-1,3,4,6, tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (RIG200) and S-nitroso-N-valeryl-D-penicillamine (D-SNVP), do not induce vascular tolerance ex vivo. Femoral arteries from adult male Wistar rats were preconstricted with phenylephrine and perfused with the NO synthase inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Perfusion pressure was measured during 20 h treatment with supramaximal concentrations of NO donor (10 microM). Perfusion with glyceryltrinitrate caused a vasodilatation, which recovered over 2-20 h. In contrast, the S-nitrosothiols caused vasodilatations that were maintained throughout the 20 h perfusion period. Responses to S-nitrosothiols were partially reversed by the NO scavenger ferrohaemoglobin and fully reversed by the soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor [1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazole [4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one (ODQ). Glyceryltrinitrate-tolerant vessels were fully responsive to bolus injections of S-nitrosothiols. Resistance to tolerance is an attractive property of our novel compounds, particularly in view of their sustained activity in arteries with damaged endothelium.

    Research areas

  • Animals, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Tolerance, Enzyme Inhibitors, Femoral Artery, Glucosamine, Glutathione, Guanylate Cyclase, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Methemoglobin, Nitric Oxide Donors, Nitroglycerin, Nitroso Compounds, Oxadiazoles, Penicillamine, Phenylephrine, Quinoxalines, Rats, Rats, Wistar, S-Nitroso-N-Acetylpenicillamine, S-Nitrosoglutathione, Vasoconstrictor Agents, Vasodilation

ID: 27543104