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Observation of $B^0_{(s)} \to J/\psi p \overline{p}$ decays and precision measurements of the $B^0_{(s)}$ masses

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Original languageEnglish
Article numberAaij:2019fpb
Pages (from-to)191804
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2019


The first observation of the decays $B^0_{(s)} \to J/\psi p \overline{p}$ is reported, using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $5.2{\text{fb}}^{-1}$, collected with the LHCb detector. These decays are suppressed due to limited available phase space, as well as due to OZI or Cabibbo suppression. The measured branching fractions are \begin{align*} \mathcal{B}(B^0 \to J/\psi p \overline{p}) &= (4.51\pm 0.40\; \text{(stat)} \pm 0.44\; \text{(syst)}) \times 10^{-7}, \\ \mathcal{B}(B^0_s \to J/\psi p \overline{p}) &= (3.58\pm 0.19\; \text{(stat)} \pm 0.33\; \text{(syst)}) \times 10^{-6}. \end{align*} For the $B^0_s$ meson the result is much higher than the expected value of $ {\cal O} (10^{-9})$. The small available phase space in these decays also allows for the most precise single measurement of both the $B^0$ mass as ${5279.74 \pm 0.30\; ({\rm stat})\pm 0.10\; ({\rm syst})}$~MeV, and the $B^0_s$ mass as ${5366.85 \pm 0.19\; ({\rm stat})\pm 0.13\; ({\rm syst})}$~MeV.

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