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Parallel perfusion imaging processing using GPGPU

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http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169260712001587
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1021
Number of pages10
JournalComputer methods and programs in biomedicine
Volume108
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Abstract

Background and purpose
The objective of brain perfusion quantification is to generate parametric maps of relevant hemodynamic quantities such as cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV) and mean transit time (MTT) that can be used in diagnosis of acute stroke. These calculations involve deconvolution operations that can be very computationally expensive when using local Arterial Input Functions (AIF). As time is vitally important in the case of acute stroke, reducing the analysis time will reduce the number of brain cells damaged and increase the potential for recovery.

Methods
GPUs originated as graphics generation dedicated co-processors, but modem GPUs have evolved to become a more general processor capable of executing scientific computations. It provides a highly parallel computing environment due to its large number of computing cores and constitutes an affordable high performance computing method. In this paper, we will present the implementation of a deconvolution algorithm for brain perfusion quantification on GPGPU (General Purpose Graphics Processor Units) using the CUDA programming model. We present the serial and parallel implementations of such algorithms and the evaluation of the performance gains using GPUs.

Results
Our method has gained a 5.56 and 3.75 speedup for CT and MR images respectively.

Conclusions
It seems that using GPGPU is a desirable approach in perfusion imaging analysis, which does not harm the quality of cerebral hemodynamic maps but delivers results faster than the traditional computation. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • SINGULAR-VALUE DECOMPOSITION, CEREBRAL-BLOOD-FLOW, CT, Parallelization, ARTERIAL INPUT FUNCTIONS, GPGPU, STROKE, Local AIF, SUSCEPTIBILITY CONTRAST MRI, TRACER BOLUS PASSAGES, SIMULATIONS, HIGH-RESOLUTION MEASUREMENT, Perfusion imaging, Deconvolution

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