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Pediatric brain tumor cells release exosomes with a miRNA repertoire that differs from exosomes secreted by normal cells

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  • Ágota Tűzesi
  • Teresia Kling
  • Anna Wenger
  • Taral R Lunavat
  • Su Chul Jang
  • Bertil Rydenhag
  • Jan Lötvall
  • Steven M Pollard
  • Anna Danielsson
  • Helena Carén

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90164-90175
Number of pages12
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2017

Abstract

High-grade gliomas (HGGs) are very aggressive brain tumors with a cancer stem cell component. Cells, including cancer stem cells, release vesicles called exosomes which contain small non-coding RNAs such as microRNAs (miRNAs). These are thought to play an important role in cell-cell communication. However, we have limited knowledge of the types of exosomal miRNAs released by pediatric HGG stem cells; a prerequisite for exploring their potential roles in HGG biology. Here we isolated exosomes released by pediatric glioma stem cells (GSCs) and compared their repertoire of miRNAs to genetically normal neural stem cells (NSCs) exosomes, as well as their respective cellular miRNA content. Whereas cellular miRNAs are similar, we find that the exosomal miRNA profiles differ between normal and tumor cells, and identify several differentially expressed miRNAs. Of particular interest is miR-1290 and miR-1246, which have previously been linked to 'stemness' and invasion in other cancers. We demonstrate that GSC-secreted exosomes influence the gene expression of receiving NSCs, particularly targeting genes with a role in cell fate and tumorigenesis. Thus, our study shows that GSCs and NSCs have similar cellular miRNA profiles, yet differ significantly in the repertoire of exosomal miRNAs and these could influence malignant features of HGG.

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