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Performance Analysis of Event Detection Models in Crowded Scenes

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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVisual Information Engineering, 2006. VIE 2006. IET International Conference on
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages427-432
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-0-86341-671-2
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Abstract

This paper evaluates an automatic technique for detection of abnormal events in crowds. Crowd behaviour is difficult to predict and might not be easily semantically translated. Moreover it is difficult to track individuals in the crowd using state of the art tracking algorithms. Therefore we characterise crowd behaviour by observing the crowd optical flow and use unsupervised feature extraction to encode normal crowd behaviour. The unsupervised feature extraction applies spectral clustering to find the optimal number of models to represent normal motion patterns. The motion models are HMMs to cope with the variable number of motion samples that might be present in each observation window. The results on simulated crowds analyse the robustness of the approach for detecting crowd emergency scenarios observing the crowd at local and global levels. The results on normal real data show the effectiveness in modelling the more diverse behaviour present in normal crowds. These results improve our previous work [I] in the detection of anomalies in pedestrian data.

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