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Phase behaviour of the quantum Lennard-Jones solid

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Original languageEnglish
Article number074502
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume153
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2020

Abstract

The Lennard-Jones potential is perhaps one of the most widely-used models for the interaction of uncharged particles, such as noble gas solids. The phase diagram of the classical LJ solid is known to exhibit transitions between hcp and fcc phases. However, the phase behaviour of the quantum Lennard-Jones solid remains unknown. Thermodynamic integration based on path integral molecular dynamics and lattice dynamics calculations are used to study the phase stability of the hcp and fcc Lennard-Jones solids. The hcp phase is shown to be stabilized by quantum effects in PIMD while fcc is shown to be favoured by lattice dynamics, which suggests a possible re-entrant low pressure hcp phase for highly quantum systems. Implications for the phase stability of noble gas solids are discussed. For parameters equating to Helium, the expansion due to zero-point vibrations is associated with quantum melting: neither crystal structure is stable at zero pressure.

    Research areas

  • cond-mat.mtrl-sci, physics.comp-ph, quant-ph

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