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Phonons in suspensions of hard sphere colloids: Volume fraction dependence

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7849-7854
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume121
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Oct 2004

Abstract

The propagation of sound waves in suspensions of hard sphere colloids is studied as a function of their volume fraction up to random close packing using Brillouin light scattering. The rich experimental phonon spectra of up to five phonon modes are successfully described by theoretical calculations based on the multiple scattering method. Two main types of phonon modes are revealed: Type A modes are acoustic excitations which set up deformations in both the solid (particles) and the liquid (solvent) phases; for type B modes the stress and strain are predominantly localized near the interface between the solid particles and the surrounding liquid (interface waves). While the former become harder (increase their effective sound velocity) as the particle volume fraction increases the latter become softer (the corresponding sound velocity decreases). (C) 2004 American Institute of Physics.

    Research areas

  • ACOUSTIC EXCITATIONS, PERIODIC ARRAYS, SCATTERING, CRYSTALS, WAVES

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